Nicolai Yakovlevich Miaskovsky
Born in 1881 and living until 1950 Miaskovsky is broadly speaking a contemporary of Prokofiev, yet unlike the latter he remained in Russia throughout his life. During this time he did his best to avoid overt confrontation with the Soviet State and is sometimes referred to as the "father of the Soviet symphony". However, late in his life (particularly after the Zhdanov Decree in 1947) this became impossible and he was singled out, along with Shostakovich, Khachaturian and Prokofiev, as one of the principal offenders in writing music of anti-Soviet and formalist tendencies.
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