Presto News - 21st November 2011
Duetti da Camera: Philippe Jaroussky & Max Emanuel Cencic
When I first heard that Max Emmanuel Cencic and Philippe Jaroussky had a duets disc in the pipeline (back in July, I think), I was immediately intrigued: not only are these two immensely distinctive and charismatic countertenors two of my favourite singers of the moment, but I was tremendously curious as to what the repertoire might be. Duets aren’t exactly thick on the ground in baroque opera (you’re lucky if you get one or two per evening amid the plethora of da capo arias), and those for two similar voice-types are even rarer. When the finished copy landed on my desk a few weeks ago, it transpired that they’ve eschewed operatic repertoire altogether in favour of exploring ‘duetti da camera’ and duet cantatas (definitions to follow!) by a handful of relatively obscure Italian composers from around the turn of the eighteenth century and just after: Bononcini and Marcello contribute the lion’s share, with little gems from Mancini, Porpora, Alessandro Scarlatti and Francesco Conti along the way.
Philippe Jaroussky & Max Emanuel Cencic
As the musicologist Susanne Kessler explains at length in her excellent booklet note, the ‘duetto da camera’ was in part a response to the papal ban on opera in Rome in the early eighteenth century – and as the edict also forbade women from singing in public, the cantatas on this disc were necessarily written for castrati. Most of these works last around ten minutes and combine recitative dialogue with duet (the ‘duetto da camera’) or with arias for each singer in turn (the ‘chamber duet’). Both are secular forms, typically setting a pastoral ‘nymphs-and-shepherds’ text written by one or more of the scholars, amateur poets or even cardinals who attended ‘conversazione’ (something akin to modern-day summer schools!) in Rome and Naples in order to exchange ideas and foster their appreciation of music and the other arts.
I shan’t pretend that any of the texts exactly make for scintillating drama on their own terms – most of them are variants on the lovesick-shepherd-longing-for-his-mistress idea – but they do inspire real inventiveness and character in the various composers. In each instance the singers perform as named characters (rather than just ‘soprano I/II’): sometimes they are friends consoling one another in their lovers’ absence, sometimes rivals who eventually reach an understanding. In one of the most memorable works (the Conti) they are respectively lucky and unlucky-in-love, singing intertwining lines to similar but slightly modified text. (Interestingly, none of the works are love duets – though the disc opens with a female-female duet, suggesting that it was fine for male singers to sing as women characters, perhaps it would have been taboo for two castrati to impersonate lovers in this context.)
Though both singers are designated ‘countertenor’ in the sleeve notes, Jaroussky and Cencic push the term to its limits. Cencic’s repertoire includes bona fide mezzo roles such as Prince Orlofsky in Die Fledermaus; Jaroussky is currently winning plaudits for his exquisitely floated Pie Jesu on Paavo Jarvi’s new Faure Requiem and will sing the role of Sesto in Giulio Cesare (written for the female soprano Margherita Durastanti) at next year’s Salzburg Festival.
As I mentioned in my recent newsletter on Vivaldi’s Farnace and Gluck’s Ezio, Cencic’s high-lying, vibrant instrument sounds much as I imagine the great castrati to have done and is something entirely distinct from the earlier generation of countertenors such as Andreas Scholl, René Jacobs or Michael Chance. Jaroussky’s voice sits even higher: more male soprano than male alto, he has no problem sitting around or even above the top of the treble stave for long periods, and so generally takes the top line in the duets.
In his brief but touching foreword, conductor William Christie vividly describes the impact of first hearing these two unique voices together – when they played husband and wife in his 2007 production of Landi’s Il Sant’ Alessio – and one of the most remarkable features of this disc is how the pair manage to blend so utterly seamlessly when singing together whilst remaining absolutely distinctive in the solo passages (not once did I have to check the track listing to see who was singing what). Cencic’s voice has the darker timbre, with plenty of metallic 'ring' throughout the registers, whilst Jaroussky is sweeter and more ethereal. Each gets a solo cantata (inevitably, in the persona of a shepherd) which plays to these strengths, Jaroussky’s by Mancini (all limpid streams and flowery banks) and Cencic’s by Porpora (listen to the thrilling bite in his voice in the 'b' section as he sings of the savage beasts who threaten his flock).
This is an absolutely beautiful disc, far more than just a virtuoso ‘two countertenors and a theorbo’ novelty (though of course it is that too!). The singing is scintillatingly, breathtakingly classy, and the central concept unearths some real delights in a genre that’s not at all well represented on disc. What’s more, a lot of this hitherto-unknown repertoire is deliciously catchy (I defy anyone not to find themselves whistling the final track in particular after just a couple of hearings).
Sound samples and a video (in a mixture of French and English, but without subtitles for either!) are available as usual via the links below. Do try it!
Duetti da Camera
Philippe Jaroussky (countertenor) & Max Emanuel Cencic (countertenor), Les Arts Florissants, William Christie
Katherine Cooper - email@example.com
21st November 2011
Shostakovich: Symphony No. 15 in A major, Op. 141
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink
In the widely acclaimed Shostakovich cycle realised by Haitink conducting the Concertgebouw Orchestra and the London Philharmonic Orchestra in the 1970s, the Fifteenth Symphony was recorded by the LPO. Now nearly 40 years later, the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, under the direction of its conductor laureate, is very proud indeed to add the present recording of Shostakovich’s swansong to its discography.
La Sublime Porte: Voices of Istanbul
Gursoy Dincer, Lior Elmaleh & Montserrat Figueras, Hespèrion XXI, Jordi Savall
The Sublime Porte was the name of the open court of the sultan, led by the Grand Vizier. It got its name from the gate to the headquarters of the Grand Vizier in the Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, where the sultan held greeting ceremonies for foreign ambassadors. It was an ancient Ottoman practice to make the gates of cities and kings’ palaces places of assembly. Later the name came to refer to the Empire’s position as gateway between Europe and Asia.
Telemann: Italian Opera Arias
Nuria Rial (soprano) & Julia Schroder (violin), Kammerorchester Basel
Nuria Rial is one of the leading baroque soloists and is famous for her shining, crystal clear and beautiful voice. In this album she sings, with the world famous Kammerorchester Basel, nine rarely recorded German arias by Georg Philip Telemann. They are taken from rarely performed operas by this underestimated baroque composer: ‘Emma and Eginhard’, ‘Der geduldige Socrates’ and ‘Germanicus’.
The aria ‘Komm, oh Schlaf’ from the opera ‘Germanicus’ is a world premier recording, the scores only being found a couple of years ago in Frankfurt.
The disc also includes two violin concertos from which the Overtures to ‘Emma und Eginhard’ and ‘Der geduldige Socrates’ are taken.
Mendelssohn: Christus & Cantates Chorales
Sandrine Piau (soprano), Robert Getchell (tenor) & Markus Butter (baritone), Accentus & Ensemble Orchestral de Paris, Laurence Equilbey
Award winning choral group Accentus and its musical director Laurence Equilbey are joined on this new recording of some of Felix Mendelssohn’s sacred choral works by one of the most acclaimed sopranos of recent years, Sandrine Piau. The disc also features tenor Robert Getchell, baritone Markus Butter, and the Ensemble Orchestral de Paris. The main works are the unfinished oratorio Christus, and the cantatas O Haupt Voll Blut und Wunden and Vom Himmel Hoch.
Mozart & M Haydn: Duo Sonatas
Rachel Podger (violin) & Jane Rogers (viola)
These works never cease to amaze – Mozart uses the two instruments so effectively and with such exquisite craftsmanship that he never leaves one wondering where the rest of the string quartet might have gone.... They are also hugely engaging to play and so endlessly rich and interesting that the appeal to the listener is guaranteed.
Elan: Ballet Music from Operas By Saint-Saëns
Orchestra Victoria, Guillaume Tourniaire
French maestro Guillaume Tourniaire, rapidly establishing himself as one of the most exciting and satisfying musical voices among the new generation of conductors, continues his series of recordings on Melba with ballet music from Saint-Saëns’ neglected operas, imbuing this lost music with great energy, love and lifeforce. The music is played by Orchestra Victoria.
Gustave Charpentier: Music for the Prix de Rome
Flemish Radio Choir, Royal Symphonic Band of the Belgian Guides & Brussels Philharmonic, Hervé Niquet
This third release in the Prix de Rome series by Glossa is set to demonstrate a composer whose range of talents far extends beyond his famous opera ‘Louise’.
After Debussy and Saint-Saëns, Hervé Niquet now turns to the dramatic realism of the late 19th century. The Italian period in Charpentier’s life (1888-1890) was actually his most fruitful creative. It was there, in Rome, that he worked on two masterly symphonic works: the one elaborating his ‘Impressions d’Italie’ which was to enjoy significant success right up until the Second World War; whilst the other, ‘La Vie du poète’, more experimental, called for three soloists, a chorus and a large symphonic orchestra.
Donizetti: Anna Bolena - DVD
Anna Netrebko, Elina Garanca, Ildebrando D’Arcangelo, Chor der Wiener Staatsoper & Orchester der Wiener Staatsoper, Evelino Pidò
With her sensational role debut at the Vienna State Opera, superstar diva Anna Netrebko displays a performance of rare vocal and dramatic power. The Russian soprano sings the role of the unjustly accused second wife of British King Henry VIII, ‘veering between indignant fury and tender righteousness’ and demonstrating a new level of confidence in her technique with excellent ‘passagework, particularly in trills, and seamless runs even to the lowest notes’ (Opera News).
Also available on blu-ray.
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