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Ottorino Respighi (1879-1936)

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Duruflé: Requiem & Respighi: Concerto Gregoriano


BR Klassik

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1st Sept 2017




72 minutes


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Duruflé: Requiem & Respighi: Concerto Gregoriano


Requiem, Op. 9

Okka von der Damerau (mezzo), Ljubomir Puškari (baritone), Max Hanf (cello)


Concerto gregoriano

Henry Raudale (organ)

Munchner Rundfunkorchester, Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Ivan Repušić


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Ivan Repušić, the new chief conductor of the Munich Rundfunkorchester, devotes his first CD on BR-KLASSIK to works by the composers Maurice Duruflé and Ottorino Respighi, both of whom took a major interest in the melodies and harmonies of Gregorian chant. The French composer Duruflé’s “Requiem" is based on the Gregorian "Missa pro defunctis", the Latin Mass for the Dead, and the Italian Respighi, in his "Concerto Gregoriano", used Gregorian chant as a source of inspiration for the harmonious sound of the concerto and for the song-like treatment he gives to the solo violin. Maurice Duruflé's “Requiem” became especially well-known. Its first performance in 1947 was one of the high points of his career; the work not only helped to establish Duruflé as a successful composer but also brought him fame far beyond the borders of France. This self-contained, homogeneous and contemplative composition is based on themes from the Gregorian Mass for the Dead. In his work, Duruflé succeeded in fusing Gregorian chant, Baroque polyphony and colourful orchestration into a unified whole, and the spiritual, inward-looking character of the chants harmonises most effectively with the composer’s personal style. The impact of Gregorian chant on the composer Ottorino Respighi was “like an addiction”, and it had a vast influence on his work. Elements of it can be heard in almost all the works he composed after 1920. One reason why these puristic melodies, in conjunction with the harmony of the ecclesiastical modes, fascinated him so much was that they represented the greatest possible contrast to the overheated, chromatically refined harmonies of the Verists and the post-Wagnerians. Becoming increasingly atonal was never an option for Respighi; it was in the archaic and austere character of Gregorian chant, and in ancient melodies, that he recognised the greatest innovative potential.

Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. 9

Requiem, Op. 9: Introit

Requiem, Op. 9: Kyrie

Requiem, Op. 9: Domine Jesu Christe

Requiem, Op. 9: Sanctus

Requiem, Op. 9: Pie Jesu

Requiem, Op. 9: Agnus Dei

Requiem, Op. 9: Lux aeterna

Requiem, Op. 9: Libera me

Requiem, Op. 9: In paradisum

Ottorino Respighi: Concerto gregoriano, P. 135

Concerto gregoriano, P. 135: I. Andante tranquillo - Allegro molto moderato - Calmo, tempo I

Concerto gregoriano, P. 135: II. Andante espressivo e sostenuto

Concerto gregoriano, P. 135: III. Finale. Allegro energico "Alleluja"

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