The Cello in Baroque Italy

Accent: ACC24304

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The Cello in Baroque Italy

Label:

Accent

Catalogue No:

ACC24304

Discs:

2

Release date:

5th May 2015

Barcode:

4015023243040

Length:

2 hours 18 minutes

Medium:

CD (download also available)
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The Cello in Baroque Italy

recorded 1990-91


Bononcini, G B:

Sonata in A minor for 2 cellos

Fesch:

Cello Sonata, Op. 13 No. 6

Gabrielli:

Sonata for Cello and b.c. in A major

Sonata for Cello and b.c. in G minor

Geminiani, F:

Sonata No. 6 in A minor

Sonata No. 3 in C major

Sonata No. 2 in D minor

Marcello, B:

Cello Sonata No.4 in G minor

Scarlatti, A:

Cello Sonata No. 1 in D minor

Vivaldi:

Cello Sonata in E minor, RV40

Cello Sonata in B flat major, RV46

Cello Sonata in G minor, RV42


Roel Dieltiens (cello), Richte van der Meer (cello), Anthony Woodrow (double bass), Konrad Junghänel (theorbo) & Robert Kohnen (harpsichord & organ)

CD - 2 discs

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Compared to the development of the violin, it is surprising that the cello took so long to establish itself as a solo instrument. Already by the mid-sixteenth century, the violoncello doubtless existed as the bass member of the violin family, but it was only used for accompanying purposes over a long period of time: the large, deep violone was difficult to play, whereas the smaller violoncino was easier to handle but had no genuine depth. It was only around 1660 that a compromise solution was found: the violoncino was given a bass string made of gut and entwined with silver that could be played in either a virtuosic manner or with a rich, full tone. Bologna was where this development originated, and it is therefore no wonder that the first composers for the cello were Italian.

The first CD of this anthology, then, presents the origins of the solo literature for violoncello written by Domenico Gabrielli; works by the next generation of composers surrounding Bononcini - Benedetto Marcello and de Fesch - then spread the fame of the cello throughout Europe.

The second CD is dedicated to the heyday of the cello in Italy with three violoncello sonatas each by Francesco Geminiani and Antonio Vivaldi. These pieces were composed about a half century after Gabrielli's first cello sonata, forming a culmination in the baroque cello literature before the Rococo style found its way into the violoncello repertoire - beginning in about 1750 - with considerably more artificial and virtuoso bravura sonatas.

Domenico Gabrielli: Cello Sonata No. 1 in G Minor

I. Grave

II. Allegro

III. Largo

IV. Prestissimo

V. Ricercar I

VI. Ricercar II

VII. Canon à due violoncelli, uno entra una battuta doppo l‘altro

VIII. Ricercar VII

IX. Ricercar VI

X. Ricercar III

Domenico Gabrielli: Cello Sonata No. 2 in A Major

I. Grave

II. Allegro

III. Largo

IV. Presto

V. Ricercar IV

VI. Ricercar V

Benedetto Marcello: Cello Sonata in G Minor, Op. 1 No. 4

I. Adagio

II. Allegro

III. Largo

IV. Allegro

Giovanni Bononcini: Cello Sonata in A Minor

I. Andante

II. Allegro

III. Minuettos I-II

Alessandro Scarlatti: Cello Sonata No. 1 in D Minor

I. Largo

II. Allegro

III. Largo

IV. A tempo guisto

Willem De Fesch: Cello Sonata in A Minor, Op. 13 No. 6

I. Larghetto

II. Alla breve

III. Allegro

Antonio Vivaldi: Cello Sonata in E Minor, RV 40

I. Largo

II. Allegro

III. Largo

IV. Allegro

Francesco Geminiani: Cello Sonata in A Minor, Op. 5 No. 6, H. 108

I. Adagio

II. Allegro assai

III. Grave

IV. Allegro

Antonio Vivaldi: Cello Sonata in B-Flat Major, RV 46

I. Largo

II. Allegro

III. Largo

IV: Allegro

Francesco Geminiani: Cello Sonata in C Major, Op. 5 No. 3, H. 105

I. Andante

II. Allegro

III. Affetuoso

IV. Allegro

Francesco Geminiani: Cello Sonata in D Minor, Op. 5 No. 2, H. 104

I. Andante

II. Presto

III. Adagio

IV. Allegro

Antonio Vivaldi: Cello Sonata in G Minor RV 42

I. Prelude: Largo

II. Allemande: Andante

III. Sarabande: Largo

IV. Gigue: Allegro

Early Music Review

June 2015

“stylish performances.”

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