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On the second installment in our series of Tchaikovsky Symphonies with the Gothenburg SO and Neeme Järvi, we go directly from the composer’s symphonic testament, Symphony No.6 ’Pathétique’, to his first attempt at the form. Symphony No. 1 in G minor (‘Winter Daydreams’) is the work of a 26-year old composer, and one that Tchaikovsky cherished all his life, referring to it as ‘a sin of my sweet youth’. It is not hard to find characteristics of his later music in this work, such as its melodic richness and its often extremely skilful orchestration. Two other fairly early works in the composer’s catalogue complete the programme.
The first of Tchaikovsky’s ”Shakesperean” overtures, Romeo and Juliet, was also one of his first great successes, and has remained one of his most popular works. In it the composer makes ample use of all the dramatic opportunities in the play: love, fighting and, finally, death.
In comparison, Snegurochka, or ’The Snow Maiden’, by the Russian poet Alexander Ostrovsky, is rather more like a fairy tale, telling the story of how the Snow Maiden, through love of a mortal being, herself becomes vulnerable and melts away with the first rays of the sun. The subject would seem to have appealed to the composer, whose incidental music received more praise than the play itself on its première in 1873. For this disc, Neeme Järvi has chosen to record four of his favourite episodes from the ca 80 minute long score. (The Dance of the Buffoons, which ends this ”suite” is often chosen by the conductor as an encore.)
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky: Symphony No. 1 in G minor, Op. 13, "Winter Daydreams"
I. Allegro tranquillo (Dreams of a Winter Journey)
II. Adagio cantabile, ma non tanto (Land of Desolation, Land of Mists)
III. Scherzo: Allegro scherzando, giocoso
IV. Finale: Andante lugubre - Allegro maestoso
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky: The Snow Maiden, Op. 12
Introduction: Moderato assai
Entr´acte: Moderato assai
Melodrama: Andantino, quasi Allegretto
Dance of the Buffoons: Allegro vivace
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky: Romeo and Juliet
Romeo and Juliet - Fantasy Overture after Shakespeare