Rautavaara: Kaivos (The Mine)

Ondine: ODE11742

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Rautavaara: Kaivos (The Mine)


Gramophone Awards 2011

Shortlisted - Opera

BBC Music Magazine

Opera Choice - May 2011



Catalogue No:




Release date:

28th Feb 2011




75 minutes


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Rautavaara: Kaivos (The Mine)

World première recording for CD

Hannu Niemelä (Simon), Johanna RusanenKartano (Ira), Jorma Hynninen (Commissar) Jaakko Kortekangas (Priest), Mati Turi (Marko), Petri Pussila (Vanha) & Tuomas Katajala (A miner)

Kaivos Chorus & Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra, Hannu Lintu


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This new release features the three-act opera Kaivos (The Mine, 1962) by Einojuhani Rautavaara. The patriarch of Finnish composers wrote this, his first opera, in 1957–62 and today considers it, “perhaps the best opera I have ever written, a real thriller whose underlying theme – that a human being defines himself through his choices – is nevertheless universal.”

This CD release represents an apogee in the work’s exceptional history: the opera’s underlying thematic allusions to the 1956 Hungarian uprising impeded a staged performance in Finland, a neighboring country of the then Soviet Union. Instead, a Finnish TV production was broadcast in 1963. The first live (concert) performance in Tampere (Finland) in September 2010 featured the same cast and performers as this première CD recording.

Legendary baritone Jorma Hynninen (lead role ‘Commissar’), who celebrates his 70th anniversary in 2011, has starred in a number of Finnish operas since the 1970s to great international success, including at the MET in New York.

Acclaimed conductor Hannu Lintu leads the reputed Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra on this disc.

Disc also includes complete synopsis, libretto and English translation.

Einojuhani Rautavaara: Kaivos (The Mine)

Act I: Yksi, kaksi, kolme, nelja (Miners, Marko, Vanha)

Act I: Kaivos! Yksi on enaa sanottava (Commissar)

Act I: Kansan isa, kirottu olkoon sinun nimesi (Marko, Miners, Priest)

Act I: Simon! Simon! Siina meille Gabriel! (Marko, Vanha, Simon)

Act I: Tulit huonoon aikaan (Preist, Simon, Ira)

Act I: Kuuletko mita he minulta haluavat (Simon, Ira)

Act II: Huomio kaksi, taalla viisi (Marko, Women)

Act II: …ja kuka tarttuu minuun (Ira)

Act II: Jos liikut, synnytat liikkeen (Commissar, Priest, Ira, Simon)

Act II: Oletko sina sokea? (Commissar)

Act II: No niin, koska niin pidat leikeista (Simon, Ira)

Act II: Mita aiot tehda nyt, Simon? (Priest, Vanha, Simon)

Act II: Kenties, kenties on tama joukko se siemen (Priest, Simon, Radio, Ira, Women)

Act III: Neitsyt, neitsyt, neitsyt! (Miners, Women, Priest)

Act III: Naetko…uneksitko koskaan (Marko, Ira)

Act III: Han kuolee pian (Ira, Simon, Miners)

Act III: Luleli laleli lileli (Miner, Men, Marko, Priest, Vanha)

Act III: Pois ulos kaivos (Women, Men, Simon, Miner, Ira)

Act III: Minne se johtaa? (Priest)

Act III: Ira, meidan taytyy menna! (Simon, Echo)

Act III: Sor amabilissima, Ave! (Soprano voice)

BBC Music Magazine

May 2011


“The Mine of the title is a microcosm of both society and the individual soul - and its inhabitants are cast from strength. The great Jorma Hynninen is in untarnished voice as the dictator figure, The Commissar; the bass Hannu Niemala is a dark Simon...and the mezzo-tinted soprano Johanna Rusanen-Kartano a powerful Ira, his compromised lover.”

Gramophone Magazine

June 2011

“Any cast willing to take on this dauntingly unglamorous music, and able to do so with such authority, commands rather more than respect. There is certainly some strain in the singing but also a compelling quota of dramatic truth and passion. Hannu Lintu's belief in the work shines through and he brings the Tampere Philharmonic with him undaunted...The recording fills a major gap in the Ruatavaara discography and fills it with distinction.”

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