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Balbastre: Pièces de clavecin (1759)
Claude-Bénigne Balbastre, the French composer, organist, and harpsichordist, was one of the most famous musicians of his time. His suite of pieces from 1759 is here performed by Sophie Yates on a harpsichord specially chosen for the repertoire, a double manual instrument built by Andrew Garlick in 1996. It is a copy of a French harpsichord by Jean-Claude Goujon, made in Paris in 1748, which today forms part of the collection of the Musée de la Musique at the Conservatoire de Paris. Sophie Yates has made a series of solo CDs for Chandos, many of which have won international awards. She has been described by Gramophone as ‘hugely talented’ and by BBC Music as playing ‘with exceptional poise’.
In the eighteenth century, aristocratic or, ideally, royal patronage was the undisputed key to an artist’s success. In the case of Balbastre, the young composer was quickly and efficiently introduced to the Parisian musical circles and high society by no less a figure than Jean-Philippe Rameau, and made a brilliant career. He played at the Concert Spirituel until 1782, became organist of the Notre-Dame cathedral and of the Chapelle Royale, harpsichordist to the French royal court where he taught Queen Marie-Antoinette, and organist to Louis-Stanislav-Xavier, Count of Provence, later Louis XVIII, King of France. His fame grew so great that the archbishop of Paris had to forbid Balbastre to play at Saint Roch during certain services, because the church drew excessive crowds whenever he played.
Because of his royal patronage, Balbastre developed a compositional style that displayed strong elements of nobility and grandeur, but there was also a great deal of exuberance, which meant that his works were commonly regarded as more popular than intellectual. The music on this recording takes the form of descriptive ‘pièces de charactère’. Some of them – ‘La Suzanne’, for example – require a sparkling virtuosity, whilst others, such as ‘La Berville’, calls for the sensitivity to create a supple line. The title Giga at the top of ‘La Lugeac’ is a clue to its Italianate vigour, and its infectious spirit shows off Balbastre’s gift for the common touch. ‘La d’Hericourt’ and ‘La de Caze’ are more noble and traditional. By contract, the pastoral style, so very popular in eighteenth-century France, is clearly heard in the so-called Air Champêtre, ‘La Castlemore’.
This collection of pieces was composed at the time when Balbastre was enjoying his greatest success in Paris, just before the old regime and all that went with it came to a dramatic end. It embodies the last flowering of the French harpsichord repertoire.
“Yates favours steady yet flexible tempi, plus tasteful embellishments that do not pull focus from the music's melodic trajectory...Her rendition of "La Lugeac" is a truer "giga" than most, and she manages to bring out the music's unbuttoned, almost Handelian vigour without sacrificing grace or lilt...Yates's intelligent, polished playing will surely satisfy collectors seeking these works.” Gramophone Magazine, May 2011
“Yates is a flawless interpreter, fully au fait with the distinctive rhythms, embellishments and etiquette of French rococo style. This is poised, tightly controlled playing, animated with a subtle understanding of contemporary dances, from the Italianate gig to the courtly French gavotte...[The harpsichord is] a gorgeous, highly responsive instrument, its sound luxuriously warm (and beautifully reproduced here); its varied colours luminous.” BBC Music Magazine, June 2011 ****
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Skip Sempé - A French Collection
This volume, the third in a series dedicated to French Music, is a selection from the huge roduction of those composers, living in the shadow of Rameau: all great teachers, virtuoso performers and composers. Skip Sempé has taken the most wonderful pieces, re-creating a real concert of Parisian Musique de Salon. Rameau was the model for this generation of harpsichord players, but hearing this disc reminds us that Rameau's contemporaries were also outstanding harpsichordists. The next great flowering of keyboard music in France was to be the music and playing of Chopin, who can rightly be considered the last keyboard composer-performer of the great French salon tradition. Playing on the superb harpsichord by Bruce Kennedy based on 18th century French originals, Skip Sempé is the ideal guide for this voyage into the extraordinary diversity of French harpsichord music from the Age of the Enlightenment.
“Skempé's evocation of this sound world is unsurpassed. His inventiveness is immense and vibrant, encompassing extreme tempos, aching lyricism, and delicate hesitations. On this disc his performing genius culminates in the show-stopping Marches des scythes... The intensity of Skempé's delivery leaves this listener breathless.” BBC Music Magazine, April 2009 ****
“Skip Sempé presents an eminently stylish recital of what he calls Parisian salon repertoire — single movements composed by some of the best of that large army of French claveciniste-composers of the 18th century. The hallmark is exuberant variety, manifest in virtuosic character pieces by Louis Marchand, Jacques Duphly, Armand-Louis Couperin, Claude-Bénigne Balbastre, Michel Corrette and Joseph-Nicolas-Pancrace Royer. Much is made, in the liner notes, of what Sempé calls the sans souci effect — the improvisatory freedom he allows himself in terms of rhythm, ornament, noncoincidence of hands, pauses and so on. The result is music-making that mixes elegance with a wonderful immediacy.” Sunday Times, 22nd March 2009 ****
“French flamboyance and virtuosity on a disc you'll want to hear again and again. This is music that is strongly made, characterful, inventive and gloriously sonorous, especially on the Bruce Kennedy French-style instrument that Sempé touches so expertly here... This is a harpsichord release to treasure and play over and again.” Gramophone Magazine, September 2009
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Douglas Hollick (organ/harpsichord/square piano)
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Balbastre - Salon Music
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