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Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (1810-56)

Composer

German composer who was leading light in the development of Romanticism

He was literary-minded as well and founded the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, a journal which championed the cause of Romanticism in music and which helped bring Chopin to wider public notice. When his career as a pianist was hindered by damage to a finger, her turned to composing. Until he was 30 he composed only for the piano and his writings for the instrument have a secure place in the piano repertoire. Thereafter he turned to songs and his expressive song cycles Frauenliebe und Leben and Dichterliebe are of particular importance. He also wrote four symphonies and many other works.

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Afflicted with increasingly severe mental instability, Schumann died in a mental asylum.

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